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Female Reproductive


  • A: Primordial follicles are small and undeveloped. They are located on the periphery of the ovary and the oocyte is surrounded by simple squamous cells

    B: Primary oocytes are distinguished because they become surrounded by cuboidal granulosa cells

    C: Secondary follicles have many layers of granulosa cells and will begin to form an antrum.

    D: Graafian or mature follicles have a complete antrum and a cumulus oophorus
  • A: Primordial follicle surrounded by squamous epithelium

    B: Tunica albuginea surrounds the whole ovary and is DCCTRA

    C: Single layer of cuboidal or columnar epithelial cells
  • A: Primary follicle is surrounded by cuboidal granulosa cells.

    B: Primordial follicle with squamous lining


  • A: Lamina propria is just beneath the epithelial layer and is loose connective tissue

    B: Ciliated simple columnar epithelium lines the lumen. The cilia are used to push the egg toward the uterus. The nuclei of this epithelium makes it easy to see where the epithelium is located and where the lamina propria begins.

    C: Muscularis externa makes up the exterior of the oviduct and also aids in propulsion of the egg.
  • A: Ciliated simple columnar epithelium is easily distinguished by the dark purple closely packed nuclei

    B: The lamina propria is filled with vasculature
  • A: Lamina propria and ciliated simple columnar epithelium surrounds the lumen of the oviduct.

    B: Smooth muscle in the oviduct is made of two layers: Inner circular and outer longitudinal


  • A: Uterine gland

    B: Simple columnar epithelium lines the uterine tract

    C: Endometrium is made of two separate parts: The stratum functionalis which makes up the apical 2/3 and the stratum basalis which makes up the basal 1/3.
  • A: Endometrium houses the glands of the uterus and vasculature. A portion of the endometrium with the glands degenerates during menses

    B: Uterine gland are simple branched tubular exocrine glands that secrete uterine milk which gives nutrients to the embryo.

    C: The myometrium stains darker red because it is comprised of irregularly arranged smooth muscle that help during contractions
  • A: Endometrium

    B: Uterine glands are simple multicellular branched tubular glands

    C: Myometrium is smooth muscle irregualrly arranged and is important in child birth
  • A: Uterine gland

    B: Transverse smooth muscle

    C: Longitudinal smooth muscle


  • A: Stratified squamous epithelium is thick but it is also very light staining at the most apical surface. There is no keratin involved in the vaginal epithelium

    B: The muscular layer is smooth muscle irregularly arranged. This layer is also highly vascular. There is also no sign of distinct layers in the epithelial layer.
  • A: Stratified squamous epithelium

    B: Smooth muscle irregularly arranged. You can see the muscle fibers oriented in various different directions
  • A: Lamina propria is just apical to the muscle layer and is connective tissue

    B: Smooth muscle irregularly arranged